If it wasn’t the French, it was the Austrians. Or the Swedes. Or the Germans.
This story goes back to the 30 Year War (1618-1648) and before.
The Swedes turned up in 1631, left in 1636 and were replaced by the French from 1644-1650.
At around this time, Elector Prince Johann Philipp von Schönborn thought “Sod this for a game of soldiers, I’m going to build some defenses”.
Starting with the Zitadelle and a wall around the city.
Which didn’t keep the French out (1688-89, 1792, 1794-97, the list is endless….)
One of the structures designed to keep the city safe was the Klubistenschanze, built in 1793 on a hill high above Zahlbach – I’ve hit 52km/h on the bike down that hill… – and replaced between 1841-48 by Fort Stahlberg, the tower of which features in today’s photo.
A developer bought the 6000m2 a few years back and built some snazzy Bauhaus-ish houses within the walls of the fort.
Talk about a “gated community”…